The effect of EL NINO on India is currently being discussed by the metrological department.
Private weather agencies including the national oceanic and atmospheric administration Australian meteorology have predicted that the temperature of the surface of the Pacific Ocean is rising rapidly and the effect of La NINO has been neutralized, and the threat of Al NINO has been looming this year.
The El NINO effect increases the probability of drought by as much as 60%.
The true situation can be predicted only at the end of April. El NINO and La NINO processes do not take place thousands of kilometers away from India but their beneficial effects are necessarily seen whether the world’s agencies keep a close eye on every movement in the Pacific Ocean during the months of December to April.
Change in the surface temperature of the ocean water has a direct impact on the whole world’s weather seen during the season.
What is El NINO
El NINO occurs due to the change in the normal patterns of trade wind circulation.
It is an unusual warming of the sea surface temperature of the central and eastern Pacific resulting in heavy rainfall in the eastern Pacific and drought in Australia and South East Asia.
Normally these winds move westward while driving the warm surface water towards the east coast of Australia in the western Pacific.
El NINO events are the result of weakening easterly Trade winds.
The weakening of easterly Trade winds allows warmer water from the western Pacific to surge eastwards and replace the cold Peruvian current.
There is drought in Australia and rainfall occurs in Peru and Ecuador region.
EL NINO effect
Increased rainfall across the southern part of the USA and in Peru.
Drought in the west Pacific some time El NINO is associated with devastating fire in Australia.
Drought in India and parts of Eastern Africa and Mild winters in western Canada.
El NINO conditions tend to suppress the development of tropical storms and hurricanes in the Atlantic but increase the number of tropical storms over the eastern and Central Pacific.
EL NINO and LA NINO together are the cold and warm phrases of the ENSO or EL NINO southern oscillation