The Sun produced a powerful solar flare that happened on January 5, 2023, at 7:57 EDT. The event was photographed by NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory, which continuously monitors the Sun.
The Coronal Mass Ejection CME, which registered as a C-class event, the third highest class of solar flares, was probably caused by a concealed far-side flare. (There are five different classes of solar flares: A, B, C, M, and X, each of which is at least ten times more potent than the class before it.) However, researchers think the concealed outburst that gave birth to the visible CME was likely large enough to be classified as an X-class flare based on the size and strength of the visible CME. However, it hasn’t been formally confirmed.
NASA’s SDO Recognize The Reasons For Solar Variability
Solar flares are powerful energy explosions that arise from the Sun’s erratic atmosphere. Such eruptions can put astronauts and spacecraft at risk as well as cause issues with radio communications, power grids, and navigation systems.
The flare occurs as US emergency personnel attempted to respond to Hurricane Lan, and it’s possible that this has caused issues with navigation signals and radio communications, which are utilized when phone networks are down.
The majority of the energy emitted by solar flares and their associated coronal mass ejections is reflected back into space by the Earth’s magnetic field, despite the fact that they can batter Earth’s outermost atmosphere with enormous quantities of energy. The energy has no demonstrable impact on the surface temperature of our planet since it never reaches the surface.
The purpose of NASA’s SDO is to recognize the reasons for solar variability and how it affects Earth. The project has produced useful information on the magnetic field of the Sun since its 2010 launch, which is crucial for comprehending how the Sun influences Earth’s climate.
The spacecraft has a variety of instruments that enable it to observe the Sun at various wavelengths, from the visible to the very ultraviolet.